Kenya is a sovereign state in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa. Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya lies on the equator with the Indian Ocean to the south-east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi). The country is named after Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa.
The country has a warm and humid climate along its Indian Ocean coastline, with wildlife-rich savannah grasslands inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. Further inland there is a warm and humid climate around Lake Victoria, and temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region. The northeastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes.
Countless compelling reasons to visit Kenya, the birthplace of ‘safari’. Discover the wildlife-rich savannas by on foot, horseback or open-sided vehicles; sail across the vast plains by hot air balloon; journey by camel through the rugged semi-deserts of the north; explore the lush highlands and hike through tropical forests rising into snowy mountain peaks; savour the flamingo-edged lakes of the ancient Rift Valley; gaze at abundant birdlife; savour pearly beaches, brilliant marine life and ocean adventure; take in the historic coastal sites; enjoy cultural experiences among authentic local communities; and sample the vibrant craft and curio markets of suburbia Nairobi.
Official Language: Swahili and English
Climate: Kenya is on the equator and therefore does not have seasonal weather variations. Generally in the Highlands the climate is cool, elsewhere the temperatures can reach approximately 35ºC during the day. The coast is humid and balmy. Over most of the country there are two rainy seasons: • the ‘Short’ rains which occur from late October through November • the ‘Long’ rains which occur from late March to early June. July and August are the coolest months and are often overcast especially in the morning. December – Mid March is the warmest time of the year.